Tamil Nadu ranks third in enrolment in higher education

Tamil Nadu has been ranked third in the country in the gross enrolment ratio as per the provisional survey on higher education (2012-13) of the Union human resource development ministry.

Education NewsOnly Union territories of Chandigarh (51.3) and Pondicherry (42.1) are ranked above the state, which has a GER score of 41. GER is calculated by dividing the number of college students in the 18-23 age groups by the total population in that age group.

Experts say states and Union territories with a better GER in high and higher secondary levels and good college density will always rank high in enrolment in higher education.

Delhi was placed fourth with a score of 38.5 followed by Uttrakhand (33.1) and Manipur (30.3). Daman & Diu was at the bottom with 4.3. Other states and Union territories with poor GER include Dadra & Nagar Haveli (6.3), Jharkhand (10.1), Bihar (11.2), Chhattisgarh and Lakshadweep (11.8) and Assam (12.8).

The national average is 21.1 (men 22.3 and women 19.8). The total enrolment in higher education has been estimated to be 2.96 crore (men 1.63 crore and women 1.33 crore). Women constitute 45% of the total enrolment.

In terms of the number of colleges per lakh population in the 18-23 age group, Pondicherry ranks first with 61 followed by Andhra Pradesh (48), Karnataka (44), Himachal Pradesh (38), Maharashtra (35), Kerala (34) and Tamil Nadu, Goa and Haryana with 33. The national average for college density is 25.

Lakshadweep, which does not have a single institution, is at the bottom, while Bihar and Daman & Diu have just six institutions per lakh population. College density is also poor in Jharkhand (7), Delhi, West Bengal and Dadra & Nagar Haveli (9) and Tripura (10). There are no universities in the Union territories of Andaman & Nicobar Islands, Dadra & Nagar Haveli, Daman & Diu and Lakshadweep.

Women constituted 39% of the teaching population. There are just 64 women teachers per 100 male teachers. The survey covered all higher education institutions in the country - universities (665), colleges (35,829) and stand-alone institutions (11,443). The HRD ministry conducted the survey through online mode and created a dedicated portal aishe.gov.in.
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